What is ESIA?

ESIA – Environmental & Social Impact Assessment process for predicting and assessing the potential environmental and social impacts of a proposed project, evaluating alternatives and designing appropriate mitigation, management and monitoring measures.

Objective of ESIA:

To identify, predict and describe in appropriate terms the pros and cons of proposed development. The assessment needs to be communicated to terms understandable by the community and decision makers and pros and cons should be identi¬fied on the basis of the criteria relevant to countries affected.

  • To conduct an Environmental and Social Assessment of the planned and completed developments in order to identify and assess their potential environmental and social impacts;
  • To prepare and cost an Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) detailing mitigation measures as well as institutional roles and responsibilities in the operationalization of the ESMP;
  • Appraise the project activities and determine any potential negative and positive impact on the environment;
  • Identify sensitive components of the existing environment within the project area and environs;
  • Establish the existing state of the environment and identify sensitive components of the existing environment within the project area and area of potential project influence;
  • Assist project design and planning by identifying those aspects of location, construction and operations, which may cause adverse environmental, social, health and economic effects;
  • Recommend measures during construction, commissioning and operation to avoid and mitigate identified adverse impacts and also enhance beneficial impacts;
  • Identify existing and expected environmental regulations that will affect the development and advise on standards and targets;
  • Identify any future environmental issues and concerns which may affect the development;
  • Recommend an environmental management program for the rehabilitation of the scheme including compliance, monitoring, auditing and contingency planning; Provide the basis for co-operation and consultation with regulatory and non- regulatory authorities and the public

Scope of the Study

The study will be divided into Five major parts to ensure adequate coverage and ease of potential impact evaluations:

  1. Legal and Administrative framework
  2. Project and process description
  3. State of the environment and
  4. Socio-economic issues
  5. For donor driven, follow donors requirements

Why ESIA- Environmental Social Impact Assessment

This is to reduce complexity of the proposed project and ensure a comprehensive study.

Though ESIA is being widely applied by multilateral donors, international agencies and private lending institutions, it still misses a scientific foundation as, to date, no scientific publications on it has been released.The most agreed definition of ESIA is “Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) is a comprehensive document of a Project’s potential environmental and social risks and impacts. An ESIA is usually prepared for greenfield developments or large expansions with specifically identified physical elements, aspects, and facilities that are likely to generate significant environmental or social impacts” (IFC, 2012).

What are the key process elements ESIA:

  • Initial screening and scoping of project;
  • examination of alternatives;
  • stakeholder identification (focusing on those directly affected) and gathering of environmental and social baseline data;
  • impact identification, prediction, and analysis;
  • generation of mitigation or management measures and actions; (vi) significance of impacts and
  • evaluation of residual impacts; and
  • documentation of the assessment process (i.e., ESIA report) (IFC, 2012).

Why GSCS for ESIA?

  • A young and energetic team of professionals
  • Highly experienced
  • International Accepted
  • Defined & Agreed Project Timescales
  • Fixed Cost & Competitive Quotations

Contact us

For more information about ESIA, please contact us by phone or email at info@gscsbd.com. We will be pleased to assist you